Androscoggin County, located in the southwestern part of Maine, is a region known for its diverse geography, rich history, and scenic landscapes. From its rolling hills and fertile valleys to its meandering rivers and pristine lakes, Androscoggin County offers a unique blend of natural beauty and cultural heritage.


According to Proexchangerates, Androscoggin County spans an area of approximately 497 square miles, making it one of the larger counties in Maine by land area. It is situated in the southern part of the state, bordered by Oxford County to the west, Kennebec County to the north, Sagadahoc County to the east, and Cumberland County to the south. The county seat and largest city is Auburn, while the city of Lewiston is the second-largest city and serves as a cultural and economic hub for the region.

The terrain of Androscoggin County is characterized by its rolling hills, fertile valleys, and forested uplands. Elevations in the county range from around 100 feet above sea level along the Androscoggin River to over 1,000 feet above sea level in the western part of the county. The landscape is shaped by geological processes such as glaciation, erosion, and weathering, resulting in a diverse and picturesque countryside.


The landscape of Androscoggin County is defined by its location within the Appalachian Mountain Range, one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world. The county is situated on the western edge of the Appalachian Mountains, where the terrain transitions from rugged uplands to rolling hills and valleys. The Androscoggin River, which flows through the heart of the county, has carved out a broad valley known for its fertile soils and scenic beauty.

In addition to its uplands and valleys, Androscoggin County is also home to several lakes and ponds, which provide recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. The county’s largest lake is Lake Auburn, a reservoir formed by the construction of a dam on the Little Androscoggin River. Lake Auburn is popular for fishing, boating, and swimming, and serves as a source of drinking water for the city of Auburn.


Androscoggin County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with warm summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region is influenced by its inland location and the weather patterns of the northeastern United States, which bring a mix of maritime and continental air masses.

Summers in Androscoggin County are typically warm and humid, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the 70s to 80s Fahrenheit. Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Thunderstorms are also frequent, particularly in the afternoon and evening, bringing heavy rainfall, lightning, and gusty winds.

Winters in Androscoggin County are cold and snowy, with average daytime temperatures ranging from the 20s to 30s Fahrenheit. The county receives significant snowfall, particularly in the upland areas and higher elevations, with several feet of snow accumulating each winter. Snowstorms and ice storms are occasional hazards, particularly during periods of Arctic air outbreaks.

Spring and fall bring transitional weather, with mild temperatures and changing foliage. Springtime heralds the blooming of flowers and trees, while fall is characterized by cooler temperatures and vibrant foliage as the leaves change color before winter sets in.

Rivers and Lakes

Androscoggin County is intersected by several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play vital roles in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreational opportunities. The Androscoggin River, one of the major tributaries of the Kennebec River, flows through the central part of the county, providing habitat for diverse wildlife and recreational opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking. The Androscoggin River is popular for its scenic beauty, clear water, and abundance of fish species, including trout, bass, and salmon.

Additionally, Androscoggin County is home to several smaller rivers and streams, including the Little Androscoggin River, the Nezinscot River, and the Sabattus River, which meander through the rolling hills and valleys of the county. These waterways provide habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife and offer recreational opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and wildlife viewing.

While Androscoggin County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, there are several reservoirs and ponds scattered throughout the region. These bodies of water serve various purposes, including irrigation, flood control, and recreation, and contribute to the county’s overall water resources.

Parks and Natural Areas

Androscoggin County features a network of parks, natural areas, and wildlife habitats, providing residents and visitors with opportunities for outdoor recreation, education, and conservation. One of the most notable parks in the area is the Range Ponds State Park, which encompasses over 290 acres of forested uplands, wetlands, and shoreline along the Range Ponds. The park offers hiking trails, picnic areas, and swimming beaches, allowing visitors to experience the natural beauty and recreational opportunities of Androscoggin County.

Other notable parks and natural areas in Androscoggin County include the Androscoggin Riverlands State Park, the Bradbury Mountain State Park, and the Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary. These protected areas provide opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and photography, allowing visitors to connect with nature and explore the county’s diverse landscapes and ecosystems.


Androscoggin County, Maine, offers a diverse and picturesque geographical landscape, characterized by its rolling hills, fertile valleys, and meandering rivers. The county’s terrain, climate, and natural features provide a wealth of opportunities for outdoor recreation, agriculture, and wildlife habitat. Whether exploring the Androscoggin River, fishing in Lake Auburn, or hiking in Range Ponds State Park, residents and visitors alike can experience the natural wonders of Androscoggin County.

Geography of Androscoggin County, Maine
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