England and Islands
Kirkwall -Orkney-Islands (KOI)
London (all airports) (LON)
London City Airport (LCY)
London Gatwick (LGW)
London Heathrow (LHR)
London Luton (LTN)
London Stansted (STN)
Newquay Cornwall (NQY)
Tiree Island (TRE)
Scotland and Islands
Lerwick Shetland Islands (LSI)
Belfast Harbor (BHD)
Neighboring countries: Ireland
Capital: London National
Official regional languages: Cornish, Irish, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Scots, Ulster Scots and Welsh
Roads: Left-hand traffic,
around 388,000 km of road network
Currency: Pound sterling – £ (GBP)
1 GBP = 100 pence
1 EUR = 0.85 GBP
1 GBP = 1.17 EUR
1 CHF = 0.79 GBP
1 GBP = 1.27 CHF
(rate from 13.07.2021)
Telephone area code: +44
Time zone: UTC + 0
Mains voltage: 230 volts, 50 Hz
A language trip to England is recommended for all those who do not speak English well enough. This is the best way to get to know the country and the people in your future new home.
In case you get sick
You can get free emergency treatment from doctors and hospitals affiliated with the National Health Service (NHS), provided you are a citizen of an EU member state.
You have to pay for treatments in a private clinic yourself. Find out about your insurance coverage with your health insurance company in good time. Since the Channel Island does not belong to the EU, additional travel health insurance may be necessary.
Since the weather can change from day to day, be prepared for anything. Dress so that they can undress and undress depending on the weather. A waterproof jacket or umbrella and a warm sweater are highly recommended.
Food and drink
The British breakfast is an extensive hot meal with fruit juices followed by tea or coffee. Sandwiches cut diagonally, which are cold dishes, also play an important role.
The traditional combination of meat, potatoes and vegetables (meat and two veg), also known as Sunday roast, is often served on Sundays. Potatoes play a vital role in the UK and are prepared in a variety of ways. Meat-filled pies are also widely available.
Fast food includes fish and chips, and cakes are preferred for dessert. England in particular is also known for its various types of cheese. Immigrants from India and Africa as well as from other countries have contributed to the fact that the typical English cuisine is slowly being replaced by a wide selection of international cuisines.
Scotland, on the other hand, inherited many of the characteristics of French cuisine. But Scottish cuisine was also influenced by international culinary elements, but still retained its own character.
Tea is the most popular non-alcoholic drink among the British. Drinking tea is a typical British way of life. Beer is one of the light alcoholic drinks and gin and whiskey are among the high-proof drinks. Great Britain is also the main buyer of sweet wines such as sherry, port and Madeira.
Inexpensive daily menus are often offered at fixed prices on Sundays. The dishes on offer in numerous pubs are also recommended.
Tips and miscellaneous
Smoking is prohibited in closed public spaces, i.e. in all workplaces, in restaurants, pubs and clubs, in buses, underground trains and in underground stations. The fines for disregarding the prohibition are considerable.
Tipping is not mandatory. UK restaurant bills often include a 10% service charge. If the service is not satisfactory, this 10% does not have to be paid.
Health and accident insurance
If you have statutory health insurance in an EU country, you can, upon presentation of the European Health Insurance Card, receive medical treatment in any country in the United Kingdom in the event of an accident or acute illness.
No special vaccinations are required to enter the country.
The hygiene standard regarding food and water is very high. Drinking tap water is not a problem. But there is also bottled water to buy everywhere.
It is forbidden to serve alcohol to young people under the age of 18.
English gardens are world famous. Probably the most “English” of them all are the gardens designed by Capability Brown: with their extensive meadows, small forests and omnipresent water features.
A particularly good example of this garden art is Chatsworth House. It is an English country castle and is located about three miles northeast of Bakewell in Derbyshire. Perhaps you know it from the film “Pride and Prejudice” (Jane Austen).
Parts of the former baroque garden with cascade, cascade house and canal are very well preserved and cared for. Adjacent is the extensive, over four square kilometers large landscaped park by Capability Brown; also a fountain created by Sir Joseph Paxton, several greenhouses and rock gardens. More recently, among other things, rose garden, maze and sensory garden.
The landscape around Audley End House is also very impressive. Here visitors are primarily interested in the organic kitchen garden. Several kinds of pears, plums, peaches and nectarines grow in this little paradise – unfortunately only with the help of greenhouses.
In Alnwick, in the north of the country, there is something very special to see: the Great Cascades, a whole series of magnificent water features that rise into a true symphony every half hour. The little ones but also hobby gardeners will be delighted.
The Lost Gardens of Heligan is an aristocratic country estate that was left to decay for a long time. At first glance, this place looks like it was from the fairy tale Sleeping Beauty. The facility is located not far from the village of Megavissy in Cornwall. Today the garden is restored and open to the public.
Also worth seeing is the Lost Valley with lakes, hidden paths and nesting boxes for the bats that live here. It is most beautiful in spring when the whole area is covered with bluebells.