Malaysia (in Malay Malaysia), whose official name is Federation of Malaysia. According to Youremailverifier, Malaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia that consists of thirteen states and three federal territories, with an area of 329,847 km². Its capital is Kuala Lumpur but Putrajaya is the seat of its government. It has a population of 27 million, distributed in a territory divided into two regions by the South China Sea. That of Peninsular Malaysia is located on the Malay Peninsula and is bordered to the north by Thailand and to the south by Singapore. The one from East Malaysia, for its part, is located in the northern part of Borneo and is bordered to the south by Indonesia and to the north by Brunei. It is located near the Equator and its climate is tropical.
Malaysia has been, more than any other Asian country, the center of confluence of different cultures (Asian, Islamic, Chinese and Indian). The Malay Peninsula has been a place of passage since prehistoric times. Different objects found in the peninsula are testimony of numerous migrations during prehistory. Indian influence has not been as deep in Malaysia as in other Asian countries (Cambodia or Java). In Malaysia there are no large assemblages comparable to Angkor (Cambodia). Small shrines, stone inscriptions demonstrate, however, the indisputable existence of the influence of Indian culture.
From the 3rd to the 17th century
There are testimonies from the third century that assure that commercial relations with China had also been established and that there were numerous factories (Dun-sun). It is also known that not only Chinese merchants arrived in ancient times but also Buddhist pilgrims made a stopover in the ports of Malaysia, on their trips to India ]. Possibly the arrival of the merchants to the country was due to the fame of the gold mines of the archipelago, north of Borneo, during this time.
Throughout the 12th century the territory was occupied by the empire of Sri Viyaja. Two centuries later, coinciding with the expansion of Islamism in the country after the arrival of the Tamils, Parameswara founded the kingdom of Malacca. Beginning in the 15th century, the story is that of a succession of rival foreign dominations to dominate the important commercial port of Malacca. In 1511, the Portuguese settled on the peninsula and in 1640, the Dutch took over the country.
In 1786, Malaysia was controlled by the British, who did not achieve complete rule until 1824. Great Britain encompassed in a single colony, under the name of Settlements of the Straits, the countries of Malacca, Penang and Singapore. During the colonization era, the British crown carried out the exploitation of rubber and tin, apart from imports of Chinese and Indian labor.
At the end of the 19th century, Great Britain declared protectorates to the different Asian colonies. After World War II, the Federation of Malaya (1948) was declared, which while preserving the rights of Malays, excluded Singapore. The 31 as August as 1957, without leaving the Commonwealth, the Federation proclaimed its independence and a new constitution was approved.
The country only came into existence after the unification of the four states Singapore, Sarawak, North Borneo and the Federation of Malaya joined to form the Federation of Greater Malaysia or Malaysia (Malaysia) on September 16, 1963. But from the beginning there were strong tensions that led to an armed conflict with Indonesia and the expulsion from Singapore on August 9, 1965. In March 1966, Singapore permanently withdrew from the Common Defense Council, as a result of which Malaysia restricted Chinese immigration from Singapore.
New confrontations between the Chinese communities and the indigenous people of Malaysia led to the suspension of the Constitution in 1969 and the creation of a National Operations Council, which the government took over. During the 1970s, the establishment of international relations with China (1974) and various violent conflicts with the communist guerrillas (1976 and 1978) stand out.
In 1985 the government of Mahathir bin Mohamed faced a major economic crisis due to the collapse of the tin market. In 1987, violent clashes broke out between Muslims and Christians in the state of Sabah. Clashes between the Malay and Chinese community escalated in 1987. In 1989, Azlan Muhibuddin was elected as the new king for a five-year term. This same year, new legislation restricting freedom of expression was passed and numerous opposition figures were arrested.
In the elections held in October 1990, to elect the representatives of the lower house of the federal parliament, the Islamic Integrist Party (PAS) won. Mahathir bin Mohamed’s re-election as prime minister in 1990 coincided with a time of economic stability, after his incorporation into the circle of nations with dynamic economies in the Far East. Growth averaging 8% from 1991 to 1997. Malaysia has become the most industrialized country in Southeast Asia, which has attracted the attention of large foreign investors. The Gulf crisis allowed it to increase oil production for the benefit of the countries in the area. Because of this stability, the National Security Law was relaxed, creating a league for the defense of human rights.