Sacramento, the capital city of California, is located in the central part of the state at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River. Geographically situated in the Sacramento Valley, the city is positioned at approximately 38.5816° N latitude and 121.4944° W longitude. The Mediterranean climate of Sacramento is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters, creating a diverse and appealing climate that contributes to the city’s vibrant lifestyle. See citiesplustowns for a full list of cities in California.

Geographical Features:

The Sacramento Valley, where the city is located, is surrounded by mountain ranges, including the Coastal Range to the west and the Sierra Nevada to the east. The Sacramento River runs through the valley, playing a crucial role in shaping the region’s geography and climate. The city’s location in the central part of the state and its proximity to water sources influence its weather patterns.


Sacramento experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by distinct seasons with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. This climate type is common in regions bordering the Mediterranean Sea and is marked by its mild temperatures and seasonal precipitation.


Summer is the dominant season in Sacramento, and it is known for its long, hot days. From June to September, the city experiences high temperatures, with average highs ranging from the mid-90s to over 100°F (32-38°C). Heatwaves are not uncommon, and temperatures can occasionally spike to well above 100°F (38°C). The low humidity during the summer months contributes to the dry heat, making the hot temperatures more tolerable.

The evenings in summer offer some relief as temperatures cool down, allowing residents and visitors to enjoy outdoor activities during the later parts of the day. Sacramento’s numerous parks, bike trails, and outdoor events make the most of the warm summer weather.


Winters in Sacramento are mild and wet compared to the hot, dry summers. From December to February, average high temperatures range from the mid-50s to low 60s Fahrenheit (13-17°C). While snow is extremely rare in the city itself, the nearby Sierra Nevada mountains receive snowfall, creating opportunities for winter sports enthusiasts to enjoy skiing and snowboarding.

Rainfall is more frequent during the winter months, contributing to the overall water supply for the region. The city experiences an average annual rainfall of around 17 inches (43 cm), with the majority of precipitation occurring in the winter.

Spring and Fall:

Spring and fall serve as transitional seasons, with milder temperatures and varying levels of precipitation. In spring (March to May), temperatures gradually rise, and the city experiences blooming flowers and blossoming trees. Average high temperatures during this period range from the mid-60s to mid-70s Fahrenheit (18-24°C).

Fall (September to November) brings about a gradual cooling of temperatures, along with the changing colors of deciduous trees. Average high temperatures in the fall range from the mid-70s to mid-80s Fahrenheit (24-29°C). These seasons provide a comfortable climate for outdoor activities, and the city’s parks and recreational areas attract residents and visitors alike.


Sacramento receives the majority of its annual precipitation during the winter months. The city experiences an average of 70 rainy days per year, with most of the rainfall occurring between November and March. The wetter winter season helps replenish water sources, including rivers and reservoirs, which are vital for agriculture and water supply in the region.

While Sacramento is not known for heavy rainfall or prolonged periods of precipitation, occasional storms can bring significant rain, leading to short-term flooding concerns. The city is equipped with infrastructure to manage these weather events, and residents are accustomed to the seasonal variations in precipitation.

Impact on Lifestyle:

The climate of Sacramento has a substantial impact on the lifestyle of its residents. The long, warm summers provide ample opportunities for outdoor activities, including biking, hiking, and water sports on the nearby rivers and lakes. Residents take advantage of the region’s agricultural abundance, with farmers’ markets offering fresh produce and local goods.

The mild winters allow for year-round outdoor activities, and the proximity to the Sierra Nevada mountains provides access to winter sports within a relatively short drive. The seasonal changes in temperature and precipitation also influence the city’s cultural events, with festivals and gatherings aligning with the different seasons.

Water conservation is a key consideration in Sacramento due to the region’s arid climate and periodic drought conditions. The city has implemented various water-saving initiatives, and residents are encouraged to practice water-efficient habits in their daily lives.

Sacramento, California, experiences a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The city’s location in the Sacramento Valley, surrounded by mountain ranges, contributes to its diverse weather patterns. The climate supports a lifestyle that embraces outdoor activities, cultural events, and the agricultural bounty of the region. Despite occasional weather challenges, Sacramento’s residents appreciate the unique and appealing aspects of its climate, contributing to the city’s dynamic and thriving community.

Sacramento, California

Climate of Sacramento, California
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