Underwater Fishing Techniques

Spearfishing is an increasingly common sport among athletes seeking experiences varied, exciting and high doses of adrenaline. From the sporting point of view, it means swimming up to hundreds of meters in unpredictable conditions, varied immersions in apnea, interspersed with a multitude of specialized and custom fishing strategies. In short, a sport of high physical and psychological capacities.

Unlike other sports that always have a pitch with unalterable characteristics, is an activity with varying conditions and, even, at times, unpredictable. Station of the year, the date, time, currents, visibility, temperature, good or bad weather, the fishing zone, any of these factors and many more, influence directly or indirectly, with more or less intensity, in which the environment is physical, the medium in which the underwater fisherman must navigate.

Fishing Techniques

For each scenario, we could establish a particular type of fishing, but given the complexity of factors that can cause and, in fact, cause so many and so varied environmental situations, good fisherman must possess a good deal of ability to adapt to these different situations in which will be found. Even so, we distinguish the following techniques of underwater fishing, which will be modified, combined and adapted by each underwater fisherman:

Fishing the fall

This technique is perhaps the most widely used by all beginner since it does not involve any complication. It is locate a fish from the surface and once spotted a possible capture, drop down as quietly as possible (without flapping, releasing bubbles…) until you have reach the fish.

Length Harpoon: harpoons of great length 110-120 cm.

Most common species: all kinds of species.


Fishing waiting

The technique of teachers, is a very effective technique to large and varied prey. The key is to go as unnoticed as possible and remain still in the background, awaiting that some curious fish approaching at a distance where it is easy to make white, a technique of high physical capacity that we refine the experience. There are different variants to waiting:

  1. to the Predator:the fisherman will rest on theseabed semi-visible way, activating the curiosity of the predators by hitting the rock with the butt of the rifle, releasing bubbles, stirring the bottom, etc. However the fisherman must save make sudden movements and avoid that the Predator is deemed dangerous.
  2. step:is to recognize a zone of passage of the dams.The fisherman will place more Mimetic as possible to avoid the fish see you. It is vital the approximation to this place from a site where the fish do not see us.
  3. surface:former techniques are limited by the time Fisher apnea.On surface this limitation does not exist. However, it is very difficult to put in a place where fish do not recognize the fisherman and flee.
  4. spider:type of extreme fishing in high seas.In this fishing Fisher with help of a ballast attached to one end is submerged until after about 5 and 40 meters length, to remain motionless face down and attract large predators to be launched against the “bait”, moment in which we will intervene.


Length Harpoon: harpoons of considerable length of 90 to 110 cm.

Most common species:

To the predator and the step: Dentex, samas, Golden, snapper, bass, amberjack, Bluefish, skewers and some large pelagics…

Surface: dolphinfish, mullet, mullets, Jackfish, amberjack, mackerel, flying…

Spider: amberjack, beautiful, Tunas, Albacores, billfish, Wahoo…

Fishing to stalking or the India

It differs from the anterior technique because instead of bet us in the background and wait, in this we will be closer to fish quietly, mimetizandonos with the background and the different reliefs until the distance is good to act.


Length Harpoon: average, 80 to 90 cm length harpoons.

Most common species: Dentex, samas, snapper, sea bass, Bluefish, skewers, bream, salps, croakers…

Fishing Hole

As its name says, it is the search for fish in dens in crevices and caves. This technique depends on enough experience to know to select and find the most suitable hollows in which we can find a dam. Hindering even several possible routes of escape in a same Lair, to ensure success.

They are typically used lighting media to gain visibility within the different cavities.

Length Harpoon: short, 50 to 75 cm length harpoons.

Most common species: bream, brótolas, groupers, groupers, congers, false haddock…

Fishing Shallow Or Foam

It is that which is shallow, glued to the coast, using the coverage that offers foam to hide us from the dams. The screenshot is below up, first down, being separated from the coast and, from this position, we are looking for the break of the waves, places where fish are looking for food.

Usually practice also in times of winter, since climate change and cooler waters in the depths, fish amounts to warmer waters.

Length Harpoon: harpoons of short and medium length, 50 to 90 cm.

Most common species: bass, gilthead, sea breams, salps, saddled seabreams herreras…

Fishing deep

Deep fishing that is practiced at great depth, usually below the 25-30 meters is called. At these depths entering scene important considerations of technical and security that largely determine the type of fishing. In addition, as we achieve deeper dimensions, fish is more confident, because of the limited n number of people who are able to access those depths. Among its drawbacks are the limited number of dives, due to timeouts to prevent decompression problems.

Length Harpoon: depends on the technique used.

Most common species: depends on the technique carried out.

Fishing couple

Fishing couple consists, rather, in a technique for security in a style of fishing. The risks involved in this sport can be minimized if a person watches our descent. But, apart from the factor of safety, we could plan tactics of stalking, dips or expect among others with our partner to facilitate our screenshots.

Length Harpoon: depends on the technique used by both.

Most common species: depends on the technique carried out.


Considerations To Take Into Account

As you can see, spearfishing is one of the more selective fishing gear in terms of catches. Most of the obtained pieces must reach reproductive maturity and the number of hunted individuals is limited to the physical capabilities of the athlete.

The underwater fisherman must always be accompanied and considered as part of the environment marine. You should therefore disturb it as little as possible. You should never capture species that are not edible or are in danger of extinction (such as dolphins, turtles, Sunfish, some pelagic…) and spearfishing must not practice with the help of a tank of air or a compressor, since it distorts the sense the same sports.

“Don’t try to never go to fish deeper than the one in which you’re really comfortable”